The Legend of Haolan: Li Haolan and Lü Buwei - What Happened? Translation below.
According to historical records, in the ninth year of Emperor Shi Huang's rule, Li Haolan was imprisoned by her son, Ying Zheng, in Yongcheng after he pacified Lao Ai's rebellion. Lü Buwei, the Prime Minister, was stripped of his position and banished to Henan the following year by Ying Zheng. Mao Jiao, the guest secretary of the Qin Kingdom, convinced Ying Zheng to escort Li Haolan back to Ganquan Palace in Xianyang. After over a year of fearing for his life, Lü Buwei committed suicide. Li Haolan died in the nineteenth year of the Emperor's rule and was buried with her husband, King Zhuangxiang of Qin.
- In Episode 62 of "The Legend of Haolan," Li Haolan's son, Ying Zheng, decreed that she be imprisoned at her palace in Fuyang, not Yongcheng. This contradicts actual historical records.
- When Ying Zheng imprisoned his mother, he publicly violated societal norms of filial piety, hence his need to escort her from Yongcheng back to Xianyang.
- Historical records indicate that Lü Buwei was banished to a remote region in southern Qin, but the Chinese text here says that he was ordered by the Emperor to leave Henan province, most likely from the city of Luoyang. Mao Jiao may have also persuaded Ying Zheng to banish Lü Buwei during his advocation of moving Li Haolan from Yongcheng to Xianyang.
- Lü Buwei's fear of being put to death stemmed from Ying Zheng's suspicions about his immense popularity, perhaps instigated by Mao Jiao's persuasions as well as the envoys being sent by other kingdoms to entice Lü Buwei's allegiance.
- Ying Zheng chastized Lü Buwei in a letter and decreed the forfeiture of Lü Buwei's 100,000 households in Luoyang that Ying Zheng's father, Yiren, had originally awarded Lü Buwei for returning Yiren safely to Qin and for helping Yiren ascend the Qin throne. As an added precaution, Ying Zheng exiled Lü Buwei to a remote region in southern Qin.
- Li Haolan's posthumous title is "Empress Dowager."
List of Names and Variations
Learn about the various names and titles of the historical figures mentioned in this blog post: Lao Ai, Li Haolan, Queen Dowager Zhao, Empress Dowager Zhao, Lü Buwei, Marquis Wenxin, Prime Minster, Mao Jiao, Ying Zheng, Emperor Shi Huang, Yiren, King Zhuangxiang of Qin, and Zichu.
- Lao Ai (嫪毐)
- Li Haolan (李好又) / Queen Dowager Zhao (昭太后) / Empress Dowager Zhao (赵太后)
- Lü Buwei (吕不韦) / Marquis Wenxin (文信侯) / Prime Minster (相國), a title conferred by Yiren (异人)
- Mao Jiao (茅焦)
- Ying Zheng (嬴政) / Emperor Shi Huang (秦始皇) / Li Haolan's son
- Yiren (异人) / King Zhuangxiang of Qin (秦庄襄王) / Zichu (子楚) / Li Haolan's husband
Places and Locations Mentioned
Discover the places and locations mentioned in this blog post: Fuyang, Ganquan Palace, Henan, Luoyang, Xianyang, and Yongcheng.
- Fuyang (扶阳)
- Ganquan Palace (甘泉宫)
- Henan (河南)
- Luoyang (洛阳)
- Xianyang (咸阳)
- Yongcheng (雍城)
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